The pituitary gland regulates hormone production in the endocrine glands. When disease or dysfunction of the pituitary gland interferes with one or more of the hormones, a variety of symptoms can occur. The severity of the symptoms depends on whether the hormone amounts are reduced or eliminated altogether. The good news is that men can take replacement hormones to make up for deficits in pituitary gland hormone production.
Hormones Produced By the Pituitary Gland
The pituitary gland is responsible for the production of:
- Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
- Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
- Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)
- Sex hormones
These and other hormones regulate different glands in men, including the adrenal gland, the thyroid gland, and the testicles. Some hormones affect the body directly, including somatotropic hormone (STH), sometimes called human growth hormone (HGH). This hormone regulates the liver, the bones and many other tissues in the body.
Signs of Pituitary Imbalance
The pituitary gland affects most of the body in one way or another, so an imbalance can create a variety of symptoms. Some of the many symptoms in men include:
- Depression and mood swings
- Memory problems
- Sleep problems
- Sexual problems, including erectile dysfunction
- Lethargy and weakness
- High blood pressure
- Obesity and eating disorders
These conditions can be treated by pituitary replacement therapy when tests show a pituitary imbalance.
Causes of Pituitary Imbalance
What causes pituitary imbalance? The most common cause of pituitary problem is a tumor on the pituitary gland. Depending on where they are located, pituitary tumors can result in either an increase or decrease in hormone production. Oher causes of pituitary imbalance include injuries, chemotherapy, medications, bleeding, and major head trauma. Whatever the specific cause of imbalance, all types of pituitary malfunction are called Hypopituitarism or pituitary insufficiency.
Examples of Pituitary Replacement Treatment
Depending on the need, treatment for pituitary imbalance may include:
- Hydrocortisone or prednisone tablets for deficiencies in ACTH, or adrenocorticotropic hormone, which stimulates the adrenal glands to make steroids such as cortisol
- Thyroxine tablets to replace thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
- Testosterone injections, patches or gel to replace male sex hormones
- Desmopressin nasal spray or tablet to replace the anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) that controls the body's water balance
- Growth hormone injections
In addition, pituitary extract is sometimes prescribed, usually in tablet form.
Benefits of Pituitary Imbalance Treatment for Men
The benefits of pituitary imbalance treatment in men depend on the specific treatment, but in general, men should experience better sexual function, improved memory, improved mood, and better sleep after pituitary imbalance treatment. Depending on the nature of the imbalance, treatment can continue for long periods to maintain the improvements.
Take the Next Step: Talk to a Specialist at Balance Hormone Center
If you have suffered symptoms of pituitary imbalance due to illness, medical treatment, or genetic condition, don't just accept the situation. Instead, take action to get your life back. Call Balance Hormone Center at 480-718-9960 or request an appointment online.